The great fear is that automation and artificial intelligence will steal all our jobs, but what the doomsday-ers don’t take into consideration is how many jobs these technologies will create. For example:
- This Deloitte study found that yes, 800,000 U.K. jobs were eliminated due to automation and other AI technologies — but 3.5 million new, higher-skilled ones were created in their place, and those jobs paid almost £10,000 (about $13,000) more per year than the ones that were lost
- Gartner projects that by 2020, automation and AI will eliminate 1.8 million jobs — but these technologies will also create an additional 2.3 million jobs in the same time frame
- This Fortune article highlights how the above two predictions might play out: When the New Jersey shopping startup Boxed began using robots in its fulfillment department, it retrained and promoted 100 displaced workers into different departments
It’s a new age of automation, and we’re in the toddler years. We’ve already discussed how automation and AI will affect recruiters. Now let’s shift directions slightly and look at what the age of automation means for candidates and their skill sets.
Candidates will need to reskill
According to this report from the McKinsey Global Institute, by 2030 we’ll see an increased demand for technological, social and emotional, and higher cognitive skills, all thanks to automation, and the demand for physical and manual skills will fall. To prepare for such changes, candidates across industries will need to augment their existing skill sets or learn new ones entirely. Let’s look at each of these in greater detail.
1. Candidates will need to step up their IT game. Candidates who understand automation and AI will have distinct advantage over those who do not. Obviously there will be increased need for workers who are skilled in cloud computing, cybersecurity, machine learning, big data, the Internet of Things, etc., but even candidates who aren’t in IT fields will need a basic understanding of these things.
2. Candidates with excellent social/emotional skills will be sought. Bots don’t have finely tuned social and emotional skills, and candidates who possess these traits will grow in value. Soft skills like empathy, humor, leadership, and excellent communication and management skills will be especially sought.
3. Also sought: Candidates with higher cognitive skills. As automation and AI take over jobs that require basic cognitive skills (e.g., basic reading and basic math), candidates with higher cognitive skills will be in greater demand. These skills include the ability to process complex information, critical thinking and decision making, and the ability to look at a problem and develop innovative solutions.
Location, location, location
Where you do your recruiting affects the degree to which your candidates will need to have these news skills. Candidates in tech hotspots such as Silicon Valley, New York City, Boston, Seattle and San Diego, where adoption of AI and automation are happening more rapidly than others, will need to demonstrate mastery of such skills sooner than later.
On a more global scale, the McKinsey report found that in general, U.S. candidates need to reskill more so than their European counterparts:
- In Europe, 45 percent of the companies surveyed said they would focus on retraining their existing workforce to deal with the shift to AI; in the U.S, only 27 percent of companies said the same thing
- In contrast, 35 percent of U.S. companies said they would mainly hire new workers to deal with the shift to AI, whereas just 7 percent of European companies said the same thing
Creativity will be prized
Finally, candidates will need to demonstrate creativity.
The U.K. company Nesta detailed this need in their report titled, “Creativity vs. Robots.” Their study found that 21 percent of U.S. employment is highly creative (in the U.K., that number climbs to 24 percent) — and they don’t just mean artists and poets. They mean roles that require creative problem solving such as web designers, IT specialists, architects and public relations professionals. Creative candidates in jobs like these will fare much better in an age of automation.
Most people attribute this quote to Charles Darwin: It is not the strongest of the species that survives, nor the most intelligent that survives. It is the one that is most adaptable to change.
He may or may not have said it, but the same sentiment applies here. Automation and AI can be feared or embraced. Technology is meant to be a boon to humanity, and the ones who prepare and reskill accordingly will not only survive, but thrive.
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